2. Major Lines of Research:
Interactions between the child's temperament and his or her family context in the development of psychopathology
A critical component to a developmental psychopathology perspective is the recognition that any developmental outcome, be it adaptive or maladaptive, is rarely the result of a single factor. It is usually the result of multiple interacting factors, with some of the most interesting interactions being between individual differences within the child and influences within the child’s psychosocial context. A continuing line of research in the lab is on understanding these interactions and how they contribute to a child’s risk for certain types of emotional and behavioral difficulties.
Munoz, L.C., Pakalniskiene,V., & Frick, P.J. (2011). Parental monitoring and youth behavior problems: Moderation by callous-unemotional traits over time. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 20, 261-269.
Cornell, A. H. & Frick, P.J. (2007). The contribution of parenting styles and behavioral inhibition to the development of conscience in preschool children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 36, 305-318.
Aucoin, K.J., Frick, P.J., & Bodin, S.D. (2006). Corporal punishment and child adjustment. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology. 27, 527-541
Kimonis, E.R., Frick, P.J., Boris, N.W., Smyke, A.T., Zeanah, C.H., Cornell, A.H., & Farrell, J.M. (2006). Callous-unemotional traits, behavioral inhibition, and parenting: Independent predictors of aggression in a high risk pre-school sample. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 15, 745-756.
Robison, S.D., Frick, P.J., & Morris, A.S. (2005). Temperament and parenting: Implications for understanding developmental pathways to conduct disorder. Minerva Pediatrica, 57, 373-388.
Wootton, J.M., Frick, P.J., Shelton, K.K., & Silverthorn, P. (1997). Ineffective parenting and childhood conduct problems: The moderating role of callous-unemotional traits. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 301-308.
In addition to the above representative publications, we have developed a method for assessing the parenting constructs most consistently related to conduct problems in youth, the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire.
Barry, C.T., Frick, P.J., & Grafeman, S.J. (2008). Child versus parent reports of parenting practices: Implications for the conceptualization of child behavioral and emotional problems. Assessment, 15, 294-303.
Essau, C.A., Sasagawa, S., & Frick, P.J. (2006). Psychometric properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 15, 597-616.
Frick, P.J., Christian, R.C. & Wootton, J.M. (1999). Age trends in the association between parenting practices and conduct problems. Behavior Modification, 23, 106-128.
Shelton, K.K., Frick, P.J., & Wootton, J. (1996). The assessment of parenting practices in families of elementary school-aged children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 317-327.