A. Research Applications:
Assessment Devices for Research on Developmental Pathways to Antisocial Behavior
The Antisocial Process Screening Device has been developed to screen for CU traits and other constructs related to antisocial behavior.
Frick, P.J. & Hare, R.D. (2001). The Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Munoz, L.C. & Frick, P.J. (2007). The reliability, stability, and predictive utility of the self-report version of the Antisocial Process Screening Device. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 48, 299-312.
The Inventory of Callous Unemotional Traits has been developed to provide a more in-depth assessment of CU traits.
Roose, A., Bijttbier, P., Decoene, S., Claes, L., & Frick, P.J. (2010). Assessing the affective features of psychopathy in adolescence: A further validation of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits. Assessment, 17, 44-57.
Fanti, K.A. Frick, P.J., & Georgiou, S. (2009). Linking callous-unemotional traits to instrumental and non-instrumental forms of aggression. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31,285-298.
Kimonis, E.R., Frick, P.J., Skeem, J., Marsee, M.A., Cruise, K., Munoz, L.C. Aucoin, K.J. & Morris, A.S. (2008). Assessing callous-unemotional traits in adolescent offenders: Validation of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits. Journal of the International Association of Psychiatry and Law, 31, 241-251.
Essau, C.A., Sasagawa, S., & Frick, P.J. (2006). Callous-unemotional traits in a community sample of adolescents. Assessment, 13, 454-469.
Specific laboratory measures are designed to assess processes that may be involved in the development of severe conduct problems and aggression for some youth. Lexical Decision Task, Reward Dominance Task, Emotional Picture Dot-Probe Task.
Kimonis, E.R., Frick, P.J., Cauffman, E., Goldweber, A., & Skeem, J. (2012). Primary and secondary variants of juvenile psychopathy differ in emotional processing. Development and Psychopathology, 24, 1091-1103.
Kimonis, E.R., Frick, P.J., Munoz, L.C. & Aucoin, K.J. (2008). Callous-unemotional traits and the emotional processing of distress cues in detained boys: Testing the moderating role of aggression, exposure to community violence, and histories of abuse. Development and Psychopathology, 20, 569-589.
Kimonis, E.R., Frick, P.J., Munoz, L.C. & Aucoin, K.J. (2007). Can a laboratory measure of emotional processing enhance the statistical prediction of aggression and delinquency in detained adolescents with callous-unemotional traits? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 773-785.
Kimonis, E.R., Frick, P.J., Fazekas, H., & Loney, B.R. (2006). Psychopathy, aggression, and the processing of emotional stimuli in non-referred boys and girls. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 24, 21-37.
Loney, B.R., Frick, P.J., Clements, C.B., Ellis, M.L., & Kerlin, K. (2003). Callous-unemotional traits, impulsivity, and emotional processing in antisocial adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32, 66-80.
O'Brien, B. S. & Frick, P.J. (1996). Reward dominance: Associations with anxiety, conduct problems, and psychopathy in children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24, 223-240.
A rating scale, the Peer Conflict Scale, has been designed to assess important facets of aggression in youth.
Crapanzano, A.M., Frick, P.J., & Terranova, A. M. (2010). Patterns of physical and relational aggression in a school-based sample of boys and girls. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38, 433-445.
Munoz, L.C., Frick, P.J., Kimonis, E.R., & Aucoin, K.J. (2008). Types of aggression, responsiveness to provocation, and callous-unemotional traits in detained adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 15-28.
Marsee, M.A., & Frick, P.J. (2007). Exploring the cognitive and emotional correlates to proactive and reactive aggression in a sample of detained girls. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 969-981.
The tools and assessment devices described are designed in the service of making recommendations for enhancing the assessment of children with severe conduct problems.
Frick, P.J. & McMahon, R.J. (2008). Child and adolescent conduct problems. In J. Hunsley & E.J. Mash (Eds)., A guide to assessments that work (pp. 41-66). New York: Oxford University.
McMahon, R.J. & Frick, P.J. (2005). Evidence-based assessment of conduct problems in children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34, 477-505.
Frick, P.J. & Loney, B.R. (2000). The use of laboratory and performance-based measures in the assessment of children and adolescents with conduct disorders. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29, 540-554.